坊城设计 FangCheng

桥 都市生活原型/BRIDGE URBAN LIFE TYPOLOGY

 

地点:深圳
设计:2011
竞赛:2011一百万保障房设计竞赛

奖项:“综合设计”银奖

PRIZE: COMPETITION SILVER PRIZE

The proposal, entitled “Bridge Urban Life Typology,” rethinks the twelfth five-year master plan for affordable housing. China’s current twelfth Five-Year-Plan has mandated the construction of 36 million units of affordable housing planned to house billions of people during the years of 2011-2015. According to this planning, the Shenzhen government’s assignment is to construct 240,000 units to house more than 800,000 people. This abrupt top-down task of rapid mass-housing construction raises a series of problematics, including planning, program, needs, policy, land resources, finance, design, construction, distribution, and management. A critical question for the architectural profession arises: What can design do within this situation?

Commissioned by the Urban Planning, Land and Resources Commission of the Shenzhen Municipality, and initiated by the Shenzhen Design Center, the competition aims to generate discussion, debate, and inventive proposals for affordable housing in China. The competition expands the Shenzhen Design Center’s preliminary research by focusing on the development of three interrelated ideas: “1-unit” category focuses on the design solutions of maximum spatial efficiency of a single habitation unit; the “100- families” category encourages radical strategies to distribute affordable housing throughout the city with neighborhood pockets housing hundreds of families each; the “10000- residents” category explores alternatives to China’s typical large residential communities by encouraging the incorporation of mixed-use and low-cost living environments.

The main idea of the award-winning proposal is to offer as much affordable housing as possible in the urban center, decreasing commuting time of residents and increasing usage and sharing of urban facilities. The proposal consists of “bridge buildings” that encourage low-income habitants to live in the urban center and to rebuild the central pedestrian traffic system. Each bridge building—single bridge, mega bridge, platform bridge, cascading bridge—runs along main traffic arteries and offers a combination of unit types to increase the diversity of habitants. Roads are widened with a beautiful artificial lan

 

dscape to promote future development, enhance pedestrian and public traffic connectivity, and utilization of facilities. In addition, a software program is also proposed to encourage future residents to explore their options, including the units available, eligibility, rental costs, and location. The competition is the first in a series of events and programs to encourage innovation in the design of affordable housing organized by the Shenzhen Design Center.